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انجمن مواد نفتي آمريكا API) American Petroleum Institute) تنها شركت ملي با بيش از 400 عضو سازماني شامل شركتهاي بزرگ نفتي است كه در تمام جنبه هاي صنعت نفت و گاز طبيعي آمريكا فعاليت مي كند. API بيش از 75 سال است كه به تدوين و توسعه استانداردهاي كار در صنعت نفت و پتروشيمي مي پردازد.

 

استانداردهای موجود

Chapter 1:Vocabulary

Chapter 2:Tank Calibration

API MPMS 2.2A-Measurement and Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tank Strapping Method

API MPMS 2.8A-Calibration of Tanks on Ships and Oceangoing Barges

API MPMS 2.2B-Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks Using the Optical Reference Line Method

API MPMS 2.8B-Recommended Practice for The Establishment of the Location of the Reference Gauge Point  and the Gauge Height of Tanks on Marine Tank Vessels

API MPMS 2.2C-Calibration of Upright Cylindrical Tanks Using the Optical- triangulation Method

API MPMS 2.7-Calibration of Barge Tanks

Chapter 3:Tank Gauging

API MPMS 3.1A-Standard Practice for the Manual Gauging of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

API MPMS 3.2-Standard Practice for Gauging Petroleum and Petroleum Products in Tank Cars

API MPMS 3.3-Standard Practice for Level Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons in Stationary Pressurized Storage Tanks by Automatic Tank Gauging

API MPMS 3.6-Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Hybrid Tank Measurement Systems

Chapter 4:Proving System 

API MPMS 4.1-Introduction

API MPMS 4.2-Pipe Provers

API MPMS 4.3-Small Volume Provers

API MPMS 4.4-Tank Provers

API MPMS 4.5-Master-Meter Provers

API MPMS 4.6-Master-Pulse Interpolation

API MPMS 4.7-Field Standard Test Measures

API MPMS 4.8-Operation of Proving System

API MPMS 4.9.1-Methods of Calibration for
Displacement and Volumetric
Tank Provers
API MPMS 4.9.2-Methods of Calibration for
Displacement and Volumetric
Tank Provers


Chapter 5: Metering

API MPMS 5.1-General Consideration for measurement by Meters

API MPMS 5.2-Liquid Metering

API MPMS 5.3-Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Turbine Meters

API MPMS 5.4-Accessory Equipment for Liquid Meters

API MPMS 5.5-Fidelity and Security of Flow Measurement Pulsed-Data Transmission Systems

API MPMS 5.6-Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Coriolis Meters

API MPMS 5.8-Measurement of Liquid Hydrocarbons by Ultrasonic Flow Meters Using Transit Time Technology


Chapter 6: Metering Assemblies

API MPMS 6.1-Lease Automatic Custody Transfer (LACT) Systems

API MPMS 6.2-Loading-Rack and Tank-Truck metering Systems For Non-LPG Products

API MPMS 6.4-Metring Systems for Aviation Fueling Facilities

API MPMS 6.5-Metring Systems for Loading and Unloading Marine Bulk Carriers

API MPMS 6.6-Pipeline Metring Systems

API MPMS 6.7-Metring Viscous Hydrocarbons

Chapter 8: Sampling

API MPMS 8.1-Standard Practice for Manual Sampling of Petroleum and Petroleum Produucts

API MPMS 8.2-Standard Practice for Automatic Sampling of Liquid of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

API MPMS 8.3-Standard Practice for Mixing and Handling of Liquid Samples of Petroleum and Petroleum Products

API MPMS 8.4-Standard Practice for Manual Sampling and Handling of  Fuels for  Volatility Measurement

Chapter 9: Density Determination

API MPMS 9.1-Hydrometer Test Method for Density (Specific Gravity), or API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products

API MPMS 9.2-Pressure Hydrometer Test Method for Density or Relative Density

API MPMS 9.3-Thermohydrometer Test Method for Density and API Gravity of Crude Petroleum and Liquid Petroleum Products
Chapter 10: Sediment and Water

API MPMS 10.2-Determination of Water in Crude Oil by the Distillation Method

API MPMS 10.3-Determination of Water and Sediment in Crude Oil by the Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

API MPMS 10.6-Determination of Water and Sediment in Fuuel Oils by Centrifuge Method (Laboratory Procedure)

API MPMS 10.7-Standard Test Method for Water in Crude Oils by Karl  Fischer Titration (Volumetric)

API MPMS 10.8-Standard Test Method for Sediment in Crude Oil by Membrane Filtration

API MPMS 10.9-Standard Test Method for Water In Crude Oils by Coulometric Karl Fischer Titration


Chapter 11: Volume Correction Factors

API MPMS 11.1-Vol II-TABLE 5B & TABLE 6B

API MPMS 11.1-Vol V-TABLE 23B & TABLE 53B

API MPMS 11.2.1-Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 0-90 API Gravity Range

API MPMS 11.2.1M-Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 638-1074 Kilograms per Cubic Metre Range

API MPMS 11.2.2-Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 0.350-0.637 Relative Density (60℉/60℉) and-50℉ to 140℉ Metering Temperature

API MPMS 11.2.2M-Compressibility Factors for Hydrocarbons: 350-637 Kilograms per Cubic Metre Density (15℃) and – 46℃ to 60℃ Metering Temperature

API MPMS 11.2.3-Water Calibration of Volumetric Provers

API MPMS 11.2.3M-Water Calibration of Volumetric Provers

API MPMS 11.3.3.2-Propylene Compressibility Tables


Chapter 12: Calculation of Petroleum Quantities

API MPMS 12.1.1-Calculation of Static Petroleum Quantities

API MPMS 12.2-Calculation of Liquid Petroleum Quantities Measured by Turbine or Displacement Meters

API MPMS 12.2.1-Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors-Introduction

API MPMS 12.2.2-Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors-Introduction-Measurement Tickets

API MPMS 12.2.3-Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors-Introduction-Proving Reports

API MPMS 12.2.4-Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors-Introduction-Calculation of Base Prover Volumes by the Waterdraw Method

API MPMS 12.2.5-Calculation of Petroleum Quantities Using Dynamic Measurement Methods and Volumetric Correction Factors-Introduction-Calculation of Base Prover Volume by Meter Method

API MPMS 12.3-Calculation of Petroleum Quantities

Chapter 13: Statistical Aspects and Sampling

API MPMS 13.1-Statistical Concepts and Procedures in Measurement

Chapter 14: Natural Gas Fluids Measurement

API MPMS 14.1-Collecting and Handling of Natural Gas Samples for Custody Transfer

API MPMS 14.3.1-Concentric, Square-Edge Orifice Meters-General Equations and Uncertainty Guidelines

API MPMS 14.3.2-Concentric, Square-Edge Orifice Meters-Specification and Installation Requirements

API MPMS 14.3.3-Concentric, Square-Edge Orifice Meters-Natural Gas Applications

API MPMS 14.3.4-Concentric, Square-Edge Orifice Meters-Background, Development, Implementation Procedures and  Subroutine Documentation

API MPMS 14.4-Converting Mass of Natural Gas Liquids and Vapors to Equivalent Liquid Volumes

API MPMS 14.6-Continuous Density Measurement

API MPMS 14.7-Standard for Mass Measurement of Natural Gas Liquids

API MPMS 14.8-Liquefied Petroleum Gas Measurement

Chapter 15: Guidelines for the Use of the International System of Units (SI) in the Petroleum and Allied Industries


Chapter 16: Measurement of Hydrocarbon Fluids By Weight or Mass

API MPMS 16.2-Mass Measurement of liquid Hydrocarbons in Vertical Cylindrical Storage Tanks By Hydrostatic Tank Gauging

Chapter 17: Marine Measurement

API MPMS 17.1-Guideline for Marine Cargo Inspection

API MPMS 17.2-Measurement of Cargoes On Board Tank Vessels

API MPMS 17.3-Guidelines for Identification of the Source of Free Waters Associated With Marine Petroleum Cargo Movements

API MPMS 17.4-Method for  Quantification of Small Volumes on Marine Vessels (OBQ/ROB)

API MPMS 17.5-Guidelines for Cargo Analysis and Reconciliation

API MPMS 17.6-Guidelines for Determining the  Fullness of  Pipelines Between Vessels and  Shore Tanks

API MPMS 17.7-Recommended Practices for Developing Barge Control Factors (Volume Ratio)


Chapter 18: Custody Transfer

API MPMS 18.1-Measurement Procedures for Crude Oil Gathered From Small Tanks by Truck

Chapter 19: Evaporative Loss Measurement

API MPMS 19.1-Evaporative Loss From Fixed Roof Tanks

API MPMS 19.2-Evaporative Loss From Floating-Roof Tanks

API MPMS 19.3A-Wind Tunnel Test Method for the Measurement of Deck-Fitting Loss Factors for External Floating-Roof Tanks


Chapter 21:Flow Measurement Using Electronic Metering Systems

API MPMS 21.1-Electronic Gas Measurement

API MPMS 21.2-Flow Measurement Using Electronic Metering Systems, Inferred Mass